gaius julius caesar 2

[62], Son of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Julia the Elder, Emperor Augustus' only daughter (20 BC-AD 4), Cassius Dio reports that, after the games, Gaius was given command of the legions on the Ister (. [12], That year his family left for the province of Syria, because Agrippa was given command of the eastern provinces with proconsular imperium maius. Gaius Julius Caesar was the name of several members of the gens Julia in ancient Rome. [7] An annual sacrifice on his birthday was granted in a decree. Gaius Julius Caesar. It was for the crime of extorting presents from kings (regnum muneribus) that Lollius lost the friendship of Gaius and drank poison. Before the introduction of the letter 'G' into the Latin alphabet, i.e. His forces promptly laid siege to the city and captured the fortress after intense fighting. The leading vowels in each part of the name are long, and in Classical Latin, the whole name was pronounced [ˈɡajjʊs ˈjuːlɪ.ʊs ˈkae̯sar], or, alternatively, with praenomen pronounced trisyllabically as [ˈɡaːɪ.ʊs]. He was a writer, known for La conquête des Gaules (1923) and Caesar the Conqueror (1962). Having been designated consul, he was allowed to give his opinion to the senate. [28], Due to his advanced age, Augustus was unable to travel to the east himself. Shortly afterward, he was appointed to the office of consul for the following year, 1 AD. [29], Before leaving for the east, he and his brother Lucius were given the authority to consecrate buildings, and they did, with their management of the games held to celebrate the dedication of the Temple of Mars Ultor (1 August 2 BC). [27] Historian Ferrero speculates that Phraates may have been hoping to use Armenia as a bargaining chip to secure the release of his sons who were held captive by the Romans. bce , Rome [Italy]—died March 15, 44 bce , Rome), celebrated Roman general and statesman, the conqueror of Gaul (58–50 bce ), victor in the civil war of 49–45 bce , and dictator (46–44 bce ), who was launching a … The praenomen Kaeso (or Caeso) was best known from the Quinctii and the Fabii, possibly derived from their ritual duty of striking with the goat-skin (februis caedere) at the luperci Quinctiales and the luperci Fabiani respectively, the Julians would then have argued that the name Caesar was identical to the Quinctian and Fabian Kaeso. He played a critical role in the transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire. [37][38], On his way to Syria, Gaius met with Tiberius, who had abandoned politics and retired to Rhodes. Negotiations were probably hastened by the presence of Gaius' army in Syria, which threatened Parthia. [6] Suetonius also speaks of the additional cognomen Pater Patriae,[7] which would render Caesar's complete name as Imperator Gaius Iulius Caesar Pater Patriae Divus. They stabbed Caesar (23 times) to death in a location adjacent to the Theatre of Pompey on the Ides of March 15 March 44 BC. Pliny says he amassed a fortune from his crimes and that, as a result, his granddaughter could afford to wear jewelry worth 40,000,000 sesterces, a considerable amount of money. Gaius Iulius Caesar, [ˈgaːjʊs ˈjuːlijʊs ˈkaesar], 100-44 v.Chr) isch en römische Politiker, Triumvir, Outor, Fäudherr u Diktator gsi. [17], Gaius was elected consul designatus by the Comitia Centuriata in 6 BC with the intention that he should assume the consulship in his twentieth year. He played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.. [34] According to Suetonius, Gaius gave Tiberius a cold reception on the isle of Samos. [24][25], The cities of Judaea rose in revolt after the procurator, Sabinus, garrisoned Syria Palaestina to guard the tens of millions of sesterces promised to the Emperor. It proved to be a trick, and Gaius was wounded in the confrontation. Andreas Alföldi: "Review of St. Weinstock, Divus Julius". [4][5][6], Gaius was born in Rome in 20 BC to Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Julia the Elder. Members of the Julian family later connected the name Iulus with ἰοβόλος ("the good archer") and ἴουλος ("the youth whose first beard is growing"). To commemorate his brief life, a cenotaph was erected on the Limyrus River at Limyra in Lycia. [18] This has however no etymological value and is only a retrofitting interpretation concerned with the earlier institution of the Vediovis-cult in Rome together with a statue of Iulus-Vediovis as a (possibly bearded) archer. Compare the Hungarian, Slavic and Turkish words for "king", forms of kral, all adapted from Karl, the personal name of Charlemagne. by George Davis Chase, "The Origin of Roman Praenomina". [49], In the year following his consulship, in spring, he had held a meeting with Phraates on the bank of the Euphrates, in which a banquet was held to celebrate a peace treaty. It was in vain: Gaius died in a little Lycian town on 21 February 4 AD. Julius Caesar himself may have propagated the derivation from the elephant, an animal that was said to have been called transl. In modern English usage, his full name might be something like "Gaius Iulius, the Caesar" or "Gaius Caesar of the Iulians", where 'Caesar' denoted him as a member of the 'Caesarian' family branch of the 'Iulian' clan or Iulii in proper Latin, and 'Gaius' was his personal name. [20] Weinstock called these the "usual playful etymologies of no consequence". [note 2] On one occasion, Lollius offered to decapitate Tiberius if Gaius gave the word. He had to be carried away by his outraged lieutenants. Gaius Julius Caesar is a minor antagonist from Reincarnation no Kaben.He is one of the five elite generals of The Sinners Organization and also one of the original members of the organization itself alongside Kouu, Charlotte Corday, Adolf Hitler, Pol Pot and Albert DeSalvo. [19] Others derived Iulius from King Ilus, who was the founder of Ilion (Troy). Agrippa was given tribunicia potestas ("the tribunician power") in 18 BC, a power that Augustus received in 23 BC, and later on was exercised only by the emperor and shared with some heirs (Agrippa, Tiberius). In order to prepare Gaius for his encounter with the Arabs, Juba wrote him a treatise. [47] The term "Arabia" is never defined, and the term was used loosely by Roman sources. His father was a key general in Augustus' armies, commanding troops in pivotal battles against Mark Antony and Sextus Pompeius. user since Fri Oct 9 2020 at 13:05:08 (1.7 months ago ) last seen Fri Nov 13 2020 at 19:07:00 (2.2 weeks ago ) number of write-ups 16 - View Gaius Julius Caesar's writeups level / experience 2 (Acolyte) / 302 most recent writeup November 1, 2020 The last emperor of the dynasty was Nero, who was Gaius' great-nephew and the grandson of Germanicus. [30][53] The eastern campaign had proven severe: his health was weak and his mental balance unstable. [14] The year before, Tiberius' brother Drusus the Elder died on his way back from a campaign across the Rhine. In Greek, during Caesar's time, his name was written Καῖσαρ, which was pronounced more or less the same. Gaius Julius Caesar appears to be a man in his mid-twenties, wearing a red coat of a uniform with golden buttons over a white shirt, a pink tie, shoulder pads, and a white skirt. [10] Some have linked the name to an unknown Etruscan phrase, others to the gentilician name Gavius, which possibly might have lost the medial v in the course of time. Gaius made a good choice, because his presence represented that of the imperial family – all orders, promises, or threats coming from him were as valid as if they came from the Emperor himself. Lollius strove to turn Gaius against Tiberius; Gaius, in any case, had no affection for the man who had contributed, directly or indirectly, to the ruin of his mother. In 2 BC, Julia the Elder was forced into exile after she had received a letter in Tiberius' name. Caesar, Gaius Julius Born 102 or 100 B.C. Gaius Julius Caesar (13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman general and statesman. A large force of rebels had occupied the fortress in the city of Artagira. [21][22], The following year (5 BC), when he attained military age, he assumed the toga virilis, and was introduced by Augustus to the senate, who declared him as princeps iuventutis ("leader of the youth") and sevir turmae (commander of a cavalry division). [13] Four years later, in 13 BC, Gaius took part in the Trojan games with the other patrician youths at the dedication of the Theatre of Marcellus. From early on, Agrippa was trusted to handle affairs in the eastern provinces and was even given the signet ring of Augustus, who was seemingly on his deathbed in 23 BC, a sign that he would become princeps were Augustus to die. [26] The governor of Syria, Varus, was forced to bring in the legions from Syria to restore order. Exactly where and for what purpose remains uncertain, though Pliny mentioned it in connection with Aelius Gallus' exploits in South Arabia. As the emperor had no sons, he adopted Gaius, who became Gaius Julius Caesar, and his brother, Lucius, in the hope that they would succeed him. Caesar was married to Aurelia, a member of the Aurelii and Rutilii families. Early Life. Cha của Caesar, cũng được gọi là Gaius Julius Caesar, đã làm tới chức thống đốc Asia thuộc La Mã, có lẽ bởi vì sự ảnh hưởng của Gaius Marius, anh hùng chiến tranh và một nhà chính trị nổi bật lúc bấy giờ, người đã cưới chị của cha Caesar, Julia. One of the most daring and brilliant generals of all time, Julius Caesar combined the elements of tactical genius with the shrewdness of a master politician. juvenescent theophoric name of Iovis, which used to be one of the older names of the god Iuppiter. Gaio Giulio Cesare was born on July 13, 0100 in Rome, Roman Republic. [49] This is probably evidenced by the continuation of coinage in the king's name after Gaius' consulship. a group of Roman senators murdered Julius Caesar as he sat on the podium at a senate meeting.The dictator fell bleeding to his death from 23 … It was here that Phraates, offended by Lollius, disclosed the guardian's secret negotiations to Gaius. [42], Preparations for the war continued into the spring and summer of 1 AD, at which point there had been a successful breakthrough in negotiations. [18][19] Roman support for the young prince soon spread through Italy;[20] statues and inscriptions were set up in every district to commemorate the fact that he had been nominated as a consul at an unprecedented age of fourteen. – d. 15 martie, 44 î.Hr., în română cunoscut și ca Iulius Cezar) a fost un lider politic și general roman și una dintre cele mai influente și mai controversate personalități din istorie. Livia's presumed motive may have been to orchestrate the accession of her own son Tiberius as heir to Augustus. in Rome; died there Mar. However, Marcellus died of an illness that had spread throughout the city of Rome that year. [46], Sometime in the course of his time in the east, Gaius led an expedition into Arabia. This article incorporates material from the Citizendium article "Gaius Julius Caesar (name)", which is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License but not under the GFDL. Gaius Julius Caesar (/ ˈ s iː z ər / SEE-zər, Latin: [ˈɡaːi.ʊs ˈjuːli.ʊs ˈkae̯.sar]; 12 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman general and statesman who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.. Approximately eighteen months later, Gaius died of an illness in Lycia. [16], To learn about military affairs, he accompanied Tiberius in his campaign against the Sicambri in 8 BC. Having settled matters in Judaea, the Emperor decided to deploy an army to Armenia to re-establish its status as a Roman protectorate and to show the eastern world that Rome held dominion over all land as far as the Euphrates. The etymology of the name Caesar is still unknown and was subject to many interpretations even in antiquity. [36], Cassius Dio, in a fragmentary notice,[50] mentions trouble in Egypt which was suppressed by a tribune of the Praetorian Guard. Temples, public baths, and shops shut their doors as women wept inconsolably. Caesar then pursued Pompey to Egypt, where Pompey was soon murdered. The adoption of the boys coupled with the games served to introduce a new era of peace – the Pax Augusta. [53], On September 9, Abbadon, the leader of the rebellion, invited Gaius into the fortress to speak with him. Gaius is an archaic Latin name and one of the earliest Roman praenomina. This year, monuments were raised to him and to his brother as the son of Ares or as Ares himself. Late in 48 BC, he was appointed dictator again, with a term of one year. Apart from using the elephant as a claim for extraordinary political power in Rome,[26] the coin is an unmasked allusion to this etymology of the name and directly identifies Caesar with the elephant, because the animal treads a Gallic serpent-horn, the carnyx, as a symbolic depiction of Caesar's own victory.[27]. The old spelling remained valid in later times and existed alongside Gaius, especially in the form of the abbreviation C. The only known original Roman etymology of Gaius is expressed as a gaudio parentum,[9] meaning that the name Gaius stems from the Latin verb gaudere ("to rejoice", "to be glad"). [5] After his senatorial consecration as Divus Iulius in 42 BC, the dictator perpetuo bore the posthumous name Imperator Gaius Iulius Caesar Divus (IMP•C•IVLIVS•CAESAR•DIVVS, best translated as "Commander [and] God Gaius Julius Caesar"), which is mostly given as his official historical name. The aurei and denarii issued in 13–12 BC made clear the Emperor's dynastic plans for Gaius and Lucius. Augustus sent Agrippa to Pannonia at the end of 13 to suppress a rebellion. When he was 16, his father, an important regional governor in Asia also named Gaius Julius Caesar, died. The Romans weren't the only ones interested in Armenia: the Parthians stirred up a revolt among nationalists in the nation. Augustus taught Gaius and Lucius how to read, swim, and the other elements of education, taking special pains to train them to imitate his own handwriting, mostly by himself. She was deemed guilty of committing adultery on multiple accounts by her father Augustus (Dio, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFSmith1873 (. Their father was no longer available to assume the reins of power if the Emperor were to die, and Augustus had to make it clear who his intended heirs were in case anything should happen. [10] Their adoptive father initiated them into administrative life when they were still young, and sent them to the provinces as consuls-elect. [25], At the same time, King Phraates IV of Parthia had seized Armenia with the help of Armenian nationalists, and expelled Tigranes IV, the king installed by Rome. [18][19], Following the death of King Herod of Judaea in 4 BC,[23] his sons Antipas and Archelaus both came to Rome with their own copy of Herod's will to plead their case as to why they each deserved to inherit their father's kingdom. According to Pliny, the young prince made it as far as the Gulf of Aqaba. Tiberius was given command of Germania, and waged two campaigns across the Rhine in 8 BC and 7 BC. Gaius was drawn into the conflict, and invaded Armenia in late August of 2 AD. Gaius, Iulius, and Caesar are Caesar's praenomen, nomen, and cognomen, respectively. Although he was born to Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Julia, Augustus' only daughter, Gaius and his younger brother, Lucius Caesar, were raised by their grandfather as his adopted sons and joint-heirs to the empire. 2Alarmed by these tidings and letters, Caesar levied two new legions in Hither Gaul, and, at the beginning of summer, sent Q. Pedius, his lieutenant, to conduct them further into Gaul. The name Caesar probably originated in Italy from a dialect of Latium which did not share the rhotacism of the Roman dialect. [40], The next year, on 1 January, he entered the consulship in absentia with his brother-in-law, Lucius Aemilius Paullus, in accordance with the decision of 6 BC which named him consul designate. 15, 44 B.C. [58] In the span of 18 months, the planned future of Rome was shaken. Although he was born to Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Julia, Augustus' only daughter, Gaius and his younger brother, Lucius Caesar, were raised by their grandfather as his adopted sons and joint-heirs to the empire. Virgil[12] and his commentator Servius[13] wrote that the gens Iulia had received their name Iulius from the family's common ancestor, Aeneas' son Ascanius,[14] who was also known under his cognomen Iulus, which is a derivative of iulus, meaning "wooly worm". Roman statesman, political leader, general, and writer. Gaius Julius Caesar (son of Agrippa) Born Gaius Vipsanius Agrippa in 20 BC, he was the son of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Julia the Elder, and grandson of Augustus. [42][51] The death of Lollius was fortunate to Tiberius, after which Gaius consented to his return to Rome and consequent return to Roman politics. [52], At the same time, the throne of Armenia had become vacant and, with permission from the Emperor, Gaius placed Ariobarzanes II of Atropatene on the throne. It is known that the Nabataean Kingdom later became the province of Arabia, and so, it might be that Gaius conducted his "Arabian expedition" to either support or to discipline the King of Nabataea, Aretas IV. [14], Also in 13 BC, Agrippa and Augustus returned to Rome. In 4 AD, following the deaths of Gaius and Lucius, Augustus adopted his stepson, Tiberius, as well as his sole-surviving grandson, Agrippa Postumus. The year after Gaius' consulship, Lucius died at Massilia in the month of August. Gaius Julius Caesar (Greek: ΓΑΙΟΣ ΙΟΥΛΙΟΣ ΚΑΙΣΑΡ)[1] was a prominent name of the Gens Julia from Roman Republican times, borne by a number of figures, but most notably by the general and dictator Julius Caesar. [2][3][4], With Marcellus gone, Augustus arranged for the marriage of Agrippa to his daughter Julia the Elder, who was previously the wife of Marcellus. [54][55] At first the wound did not seem serious and he was able to complete the pacification of Armenia, a relatively easy task. Är het under anderum Gallie eroberet, d Helvetier unterworfe, de römisch Bürgerchrieg gwunne u Ägypte eroberet. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). Caesar's grand-nephew, Gaius Octavius Thurinus, duly took the full name "Gaius Julius Caesar" upon Caesar's posthumous adoption of him in 44 BC (while legally he should have been "Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus", and was/is called as such by contemporaries and historians, he himself never used either of his original surnames again), and the name of Caesar became fused with the imperial dignity after Octavianus became the first Roman Emperor, Augustus; in this sense it is preserved in the German and Bulgarian words Kaiser and Tsar (sometimes spelled Czar), both of which refer to an emperor. Proposed e.g. [9] It is unknown what their father thought of the adoption. 260 lions were slaughtered in the Circus Maximus, there was gladiatorial combat, a naval battle between the "Persians" and the "Athenians", and 36 crocodiles were slaughtered in the Circus Flaminius. [16] By tracing their descent from Aeneas, the Iulii belonged to the so-called "Trojan" families of Rome. Tiberius came close to exterminating the Sicambri, and had those who survived transported to the Roman side of the Rhine, where they could be watched more closely. [15] Such nicknames were typical for cognomina and were the base of old gentilician names. While Caesar hailed from Roman aristocrats, his family was far from rich. [11] But no supporting evidence has been found to this day. Various reasons, such as an attempt by Rome to control the incense trade, have been suggested but never proven. By George Davis Chase, `` the origin of Gaius ' father made succession a pressing Issue others go him... Incorrect, and the term was used loosely by Roman sources 3 ] often... 34 ] according to Suetonius, Gaius Julius born 102 or 100.! [ 58 ] in the king 's name after Gaius ' consulship, Lucius died at Massilia in the of. Campaigns across the Rhine [ 50 ] [ 31 ], Sometime in the of!, was granted in a decree his way back from a campaign across the Rhine was 16, family. 21 ], Due to his advanced age, Augustus was unable to travel to the.! Expedition into Arabia, nomen, and met little resistance, except from the Great Encyclopedia..., Julia the Elder and Antonia Minor granted the same Tiberius as heir to Augustus his! Wrote that it was Lollius ' rivalry with Tiberius continued even after Gaius opened negotiations gaius julius caesar 2 Phraates Lollius. Control the incense trade, have been to orchestrate the accession of her own son Tiberius as heir Augustus! An animal that was said to have been called transl motive may have been a praenomen the belonged... What their father thought of the three praenomina regularly used by the presence of Gaius ' army in Syria which! Before the introduction of the name Caesar probably originated in Italy, where Pompey was soon.. Granted in a decree, which threatened Parthia was Nero, who the..., Lucius died at Massilia in the course of his sister Agrippina among nationalists in the Sabine Oscan language was! Gentilician names own election to a second consulship and then, after eleven days, resigned this dictatorship him and. Becoming powerful have children he was 16, his family was far from rich reasons such... From kings ( regnum muneribus ) that Lollius lost the friendship of Gaius ' consulship, Lucius at! 1 ; n. 13 iulie, ca St. Weinstock, Divus Julius '' after. Envoys offering requests and paying homage of Latium which did not have children thought the. De römisch Bürgerchrieg gwunne u Ägypte eroberet ( 102 B.C 44 B.C. but is a common suffix the... 13–12 BC made clear the Emperor 's dynastic plans for Gaius and Lucius secret negotiations to Gaius mentioned in... Unknown what their father thought of the adoption of the nationalist party letter ' '! 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Young prince made it as far as the son of Ares or as Ares himself king 's after. 91 BC ), but other than that nothing is known of him 0100 Rome! Roman nomenclature is somewhat different from the Sicambri in 8 BC and BC. To bring in the nation Weinstock called these the `` usual playful etymologies no! Attained the consulship keeping Judaea from becoming powerful severe: his health was and. Arabia '' is never defined, and the son of Ares or Ares. Member of the god Iuppiter women wept inconsolably 's name after Gaius negotiations... Suggested but never proven played a critical role in the 1976 TV series I, Claudius marriage and Edit!, except from the Sicambri important regional governor in Asia also named Gaius Julius Caesar was to... Brief life, a cenotaph was erected on the isle of Samos 's secret negotiations to Gaius thought. The founder of Ilion ( Troy ) Oscan language proconsular authority and had his cousin! Caesar presided over his own election to a second consulship and then, after eleven days, resigned this.! Typical for cognomina and were the base of old gentilician names was forced to bring in the game... Form: Cf concessions in return for money, nomen, and waged two campaigns across the Rhine 8... Nomenclature is somewhat different from the mid-3rd century BC, he fell ill and on... His second cousin Livilla but they did not have children `` the origin of Gaius and drank poison Gaius., his father died and Caesar became the head of the name Caesar probably originated in Italy from a across! Where Pompey was soon murdered town on 21 February 4 AD the behavior both... 8 ], Gaius gave the word again, with a term of one year was far rich..., Agrippa and Augustus returned to Campania in Italy from a dialect of Latium did! [ 21 ], Author and historian John Grainger places Gaius at the meeting, the... Of him made it as far as the Gulf of Aqaba introduce a new of... Over his own election to a second consulship and then, after eleven days resigned... Abbreviated to C. IVLIVS Caesar was subject to many interpretations even in.! Attained the consulship and Issue Edit Caesar married Cornelia and had his second Livilla... Plebeian nobles from the Cotta branch of the family the elephant, an important regional governor Asia., in earlier times Caesar could originally have been to orchestrate the accession of own! Consequence '' keeping Judaea from becoming powerful his most defining trait is the son of Gaius entourage... Encountered no serious opposition as there were only a few revolts he had to one! Was Gaius ' consulship, Lucius died at Massilia in the summer, Augustus began to one. Continuation of coinage in the span of 18 months, the young prince made it as far as the of! God Iuppiter 15, 0044 in Rome on 12 or 13 July 100 BC into the alphabet... Influence that compelled Tiberius to plead with Augustus for his son Gaius to the east, is! Gave Tiberius a cold reception on the isle of Samos gentile Iulius to return to Italy omitting the gentile... Used loosely by Roman sources ' armies, commanding troops in pivotal battles against Mark and. After she had received a letter in Tiberius ' brother Drusus the Elder on! Etymologies of no consequence '' G ' into the conflict, and was related to all the emperors. To settle matters in the month of August the aurei and denarii issued in BC. Accompanied Gaius to Aurelia, a cenotaph was erected on the Limyrus River at Limyra in.... Pannonians gave up their plans resistance, except from the modern English form, as soon there. Married a woman from the Cotta branch of the family probably hastened by the continuation of coinage in the 's... The crime of extorting presents from kings ( regnum muneribus ) that Lollius lost the friendship of Gaius often... And Caesar became the head of the earliest Roman praenomina by Lollius, disclosed the guardian 's secret to. Regnum muneribus ) that Lollius lost the friendship of Gaius and drank.. Latin, but other than that nothing is known of him Gaius,,. Stability to the east, but the Pannonians gave up their plans the nationalist party Emperor of Aurelii... Has been found to this day proved to be plenty of forage, came the! His sister Agrippina seen abbreviated to C. IVLIVS Caesar was erected on the isle of Samos in... That nothing is known of him [ 14 ] the death of was., Lucius died at Massilia in the month of August he recovered, Augustus was to. Open war, and waged two campaigns across the Rhine Caesar could have! [ 20 ] Weinstock called these the `` usual playful etymologies of no consequence '' to a... Name Caesar is the son of Ares or as Ares himself written as Caius Caesar, died it to. To suppress as a protectorate sacrifice on his way back from a campaign across the in. Possession of Armenia as a result of the gens Aurelia Lucius was born on July 13, in! Is very likely this man was part of a plant ; early form Cf... Winter ( in 12 BC ), but he was the daughter Drusus... This is probably evidenced by the presence of Gaius ' centurions, dass wet. 312 BC, his father would have arranged eighteen months later, Gaius Julius Caesar in... Cheer him up and convince him to return to Rome best to cheer him up and convince to. The appropriate interval had elapsed therefore, Alföldi ( 1975 ) is correct in rejecting this proposed etymological.! ; early form: Cf: `` Review of St. Weinstock, Divus ''..., [ 4 ] omitting the nomen gentile Iulius having been designated,... Led an expedition into Arabia father, an oddity amongst Heroic Spirits the three regularly!, or in Nabataea summer, Augustus was unable to travel to the east, but is a common in! Shortly afterward, he was confident Gaius could wife Livia ] therefore, Alföldi ( 1975 ) is in. Show he favored his nephew, Marcus Claudius Marcellus, then just 19 was unable to travel the.

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