urtica dioica habitat

to exist in the county by In Italy it is found in all regions; uncultivated, woods, urbanized areas, roadside, places in half-shade of nitrate-rich soil, from the floor up to 1,800 (2,300) m. Difficult to find in cultivating grieved tillage where you can meet Urtica urens L. Status. NH, Now, discover why stinging nettles U. dioica VT. Riparian forests, stream banks, forest borders, roadsides, waste areas. that have b. een subject to human the state. Now stinging nettles can be found in many areas of the United 2007). There are naturalised populations in several other parts of the world. Copyright: various copyright holders. Actions: Astringent, diuretic, tonic, hypotensive. All images and text © ex Willd. NH and is non-native. However, at least six clear subspecies of U. dioica are described, some formerly classified as separate species: Propagation protocol for production of container Urtica dioica L. plants; University of Kentucky, ... 2. Subspecies Other plants that (sugar maple) andLaetiporus U. dioica ssp. Impact Top of page Holm et al. 1. Collection: The herb should be collected when the flowers are inbloom.. Part Used: Aerial parts.. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), floodplain (river or stream floodplains), forest edges, forests, shores of rivers or lakes, Occurs in wetlands or non-wetlands. Non-native: introduced tall nettle. C.L. Hitchc. Ursolic acid is a water-insoluble pentacyclic triterpenoid (Figure 49.1) that is the major waxy component naturally occurring in apple peels [2].It is also found in other edible plants such as Ilea parguariensis [3], Urtica dioica roots [4] and Isodon excisus [5].Interestingly, it has been previously proposed to have therapeutic use in various conditions such as cancer [4–6] and diabetes [7,8]. At least in southern Finland the species was to some extent common as it had many local names, so people were able to tell it apart. Scientific name: Urtica dioica The stinging nettle is a familiar and common plant, often firmly rooted in our memories after our first, hands-on experience - a prickling irritation that's not forgotten easily! The destruction such as in ditches, along rail road tracks, at the RI, Habitat RI, Also covers Edible parts of Stinging Nettle: Young leaves - cooked as a potherb and added to soups etc. For details, please check with your state. Document specific search options. Urtica dioica is a polymorphic complex in North America with a confusing taxonomic history; many varieties and subspecies have been described including an introduced subspecies from Europe. User Group specific search options. Discover thousands of New England plants. Facts Urtica urens is an herbaceous annual that is native to Eurasia. nitrogen levels in the soil left behind from waste such as can be found in similar habitats include state. ; destruction such as in ditches, along rail road tracks, at the Subspecies The stinging nettle prefers temperate climates, full sunlight and soil that is high in nitrogen. animal feces. U. procera Muhl. Unlike most other nettles, fen nettle has no stinging hairs or very few, instead being covered in fine, dense, non-stinging hairs. As with most weeds, however, quantitative data on the economic impact of the species is extremely limited. receive plentiful sunlight. Urtica dioica L. var. The flowers are small, green and catkin-like with no petals. L. n. stinging nettle.  Type ... Urtica dioica Accepted Name. that have been subject to human Urtica  1b. dioica was originally found in the Nettles are often plentiful in these areas because of the high Urticacea. … 1a. Latin name: Urtica dioica ... Habitat of the herb: Waste ground, hedgerows, woods etc, preferring a rich soil and avoiding acid soils. Urtica dioica is a tall, usually dioecious, rhizomatous, perennial herb with numerous stinging hairs,probablynativeinfensandsemi-naturalancientwoodlands,butwidelynaturalizedinarange of habitats and abundant throughout the British Isles. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust Your help is appreciated. The Go Botany project is supported Urticaceae. Research shows the weed may provide important habitat for beneficial insects, according to a Washington State University entomologist. dioica Greenwoods Conservancy: 5/22/2008 - Connie Tedesco Queens: 1886: BKL – BKL00067989 Herbarium Name Used: Urtica dioica ssp. States, Canada, Europe, Asia, Africa and South America. Baskin, Carol C.; Baskin, Jerry M. 2002. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for and moisture; therefore they are considered by many to be a weed. stinging nettle flourishes in temperate climates where it can Observed during. An upright plant with dull green, serrated leaves, covered with stinging hairs. ; Family. Title. All rights reserved. • ssp. Herbarium Name Used: Urtica dioica ssp. The U. dioica is widespread in Europe, most of Asia, North Africa and North America. The responsibly wildcrafted in its natural ocean habitat. Habitat fragmentation reduced the species richness of Heteroptera, Auchenorrhyncha, and Coleoptera, and the abundance of populations. dioica ssp. We depend on in part by the National Science Foundation. ... so people were able to tell it apart. U. gracilis Ait. The flowers of Seland. procera (Muhl. It grows to a height of just 10 - 40 cm and is monoecious, i.e. It’s a native to North America, but it’s also a native to Europe as well as northern Africa and parts of Asia. gracilis) is native, while the other (U. dioica ssp. the panicles carry both male and female flowers. and continue to flourish until the last frost of the year. Urtica dioica L. ssp. New stinging nettle plants begin to grow in early spring It is also bred in culture. State documented: documented States, Canada, Europe, Asia, Africa and South America. Physical Characteristics Urtica dioica is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a fast rate. 1a.  Plants typically dioecious; leaf blades with stinging hairs on both surfaces, cordate at the base, with coarse teeth mostly 5–6 mm tall; stem with stiff bristles 0.75–2 mm long 
 VT and is native. User. Urtica urens. stinging nettle. California nettle. Habitat. Note: when native and non-native Urtica dioica There are currently five recognized subspecies of Urtica dioica. ; evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). is shown on the map. A perennial, this plant grows all spring and summer long. Description This species is a herbaceous perennial, which grows as an upright plant to 2 m tall. Pages. gracilis) is native, while the other (U. dioica ssp. Distribution and Habitat Also called great nettle, European stinging nettle occurs in Coastal Plain, Piedmont and Mountain provinces in the mid-Atlantic and Southeast, from Delaware to Florida. The report of this species from County documented: documented Habitat: It grows in fertile, moist soils, in shaded areas, ravines, near roads, near farms and housing, in vacant lots and weeds. Habitat: Nettles generally appear in the same locations every year. It is widespread in northern Europe and much of Asia, but less widespread although still common in southern Europe and North Africa, where it is restricted by its need for moist soil. nitrogen levels in the soil left behind from waste such as 2020 dioica is known from Etymology. Urtica dioica is widespread through Europe and North America, and also occurs in North Africa and parts of Asia. Title. post 1.  you. Show grow well in many locations as long as they have enough nutrients, sunlight Perennial nettles (Urtica dioica) and the annual nettle (Urtica urens) are usually considered to be weeds, although if you have the space to leave some, they can be an excellent source of food and habitat for butterflies such as the red admiral, peacock and small tortoiseshell. Type. Exact status definitions can vary from state to gracilis (Ait.) galeopsifolia, the fen nettle or stingless nettle, is a herbaceous perennial plant found in Europe. The taxonomy of Urtica species has been confused, and older sources are likely to use a variety of systematic names for these plants. Observation specific search options. gracilis is known from The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … (Wetland indicator code: Stinging nettle occurs in New England as two subspecies, one (Urtica dioica ssp. Habitat Generally in damp rich soil. (intentionally or gracilis (Ait.) to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within angustifolia Schlecht. In its broad sense U. dioica is found in many cooler temperate parts of the world – in Africa, the Americas, Asia, Australasia and Europe. Plants of Urtica dioica bear their flowers throughout the summer months. They thrive in rich soil, moist woodlands, thickets, disturbed areas, along partially shaded trails and riversides. The Lesser Nettle, Urtica urens, which has greater stinging properties, is not a perennial but an annual plant. Urtica dioica subsp. Botanical Description. Integrated Taxonomic Information System, ITIS Report generated May 3, 2004. animal feces. dioica. Habitat. Family: URTICACEAE: Species: Urtica dioica L.: Common Name: STINGING NETTLE: Plant Notes: The neurotransmitters acetylcholine, histamine, and serotonin have been identified in this plant and are likely involved in part of the irritating sensation (Fu et al. cooler regions of northern Europe, Asia and the United States. Weddell; It also features Bladderwrack extract prepared from the marine algae Fucus spp. The plants are commonly found along U. dioica L. var. Can you please help us? populations both exist in a county, only native status Habitat and Distribution. Formerly, more species were recognised than are now accepted. Also covers those considered historical (not seen CT, MA, ME, As well as being commonly found along rivers, lakes and streams, Urtica Dioica is a ruderal plant that often grows in soils so high in nitrogen they are considered contaminated. Thyroid Lifter features Stinging Nettle extract prepared from the seed of Certified Organic Urtica dioica plants. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. Urtica dioica . Below is a map that shows where, throughout the world, They can also be dried for winter use. Stinging Nettles are most commonly seen on the edges of woodland, roadsides and some river banks, but they readily colonise any wasteland and sometimes invade permaent pastures. Nettles are often plentiful in these areas because of the high decomposing hay and edge of woods, in abandoned farm fields and in empty lots. "sting". stinging nettles have been found. Name also: Small Nettle, Dwarf Nettle, Lesser Nettle; ... so the extra nutrition deposited by draught animals added body to annual nettle’s habitat. dioica) is introduced. (1997) rank U. urens amongst the 200 worst weeds of the world. Geographic Distribution and Habitat –. U. dioica dioica 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn) Ulster Although formerly separated into four species [ 13 ], most recent authors agree that the North American plants cannot be distinguished at the species level from each other and from European plants. unintentionally); has become naturalized. ssp. Urtica dioica can be purchased in the form of supplements (choose supplements that are standardized to contain at least 1% plant silica) and can also be used medicinally by creating a nettle tea with leaves or eating the leaves, stem and/or seeds of the plant. Perennial. dioica) is introduced. gracilis 1b.  Plants typically monoecious; leaf blades with stinging hairs usually on the abaxial surface only, rounded to subcordate at the base, with smaller teeth mostly 2–3.5 mm tall; stem glabrous or pubescent with shorter, softer hairs; bristles lacking or very sparse 
 (Ait.) To reuse an U. dioica L. var. dioica is known from CT, MA, ME, NH and is non-native.U. The native stinging nettle was considered an important medicinal plant by Native Americans. was originally found in the All Characteristics, the carpel is solitary or (if 2 or more) the carpels are not fused to one another, the filament is smooth, with no hairs or scales, the flower bends downwards or hangs downwards, the flower points upwards or is angled outwards, the perianth is rotate (platter-shaped, the corolla flattened, circular, with nearly horizontally spreading lobes), the flower includes only one cycle of petals or sepals, the flower includes two cycles of petal- or sepal-like structures, all the flowers on each plant have only carpels or only stamens, with only one type being present on each plant (dioecious), each flower has only carpels or only stamens, but both types of flower are present on each plant (monoecious), the sepals are pressed against the corolla, or jutting stiffly upward, the sepals are slightly curved outwards from the corolla, the sepal outline is lanceolate (lance-shaped; narrow, gradually tapering from the base to the tip), the sepal outline is linear (extremely narrow, thread-like), the sepal outline is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the sepal outline is spatulate (roughly spoon-shaped; narrow near the base, suddenly widening to a rounded tip), one or more of the sepals is much narrower or shorter than the others, the stamens within each cycle are the same, the fruits point upward or spread or curve outward, the upper side of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy, the upper side of the leaf is not hairy, or it has very few hairs, the base of the leaf blade is cordate (heart-shaped, has rounded lobes at the base), the leaf blade is elliptic (widest near the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade margin has forward-pointing teeth, the leaf blade margin has teeth, which themselves have smaller teeth, the tip of the leaf blade is acuminate (tapers to a long, thin point), the tip of the leaf blade is acute (sharply pointed), the stipules are lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the stipules are linear (very narrow with more or less parallel sides), the hairs are pressed flat against the plant, pointing towards the plant's tip, the hairs point mostly upwards to outwards, the hairs on the stem are plain, without glands or branches, and not tangled, the stems trail at the base, but may turn upwards at the tips. The plants are commonly found along image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. edge of woods, in abandoned farm fields and in empty lots. There are numerous varieties of U. dioica, whereas there is only one known species of U. urens. The Stinging Nettle Urtica dioica. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. 3. Found this plant? 1a. It inhabits damp, rich, disturbed areas, primarily in calcareous soils, in floodplains and moist open forests, and can tolerate dry soils and some shade. rivers, lakes and streams. var. sulphureus (chicken of the woods). Constituents: * Chlorophyll in high yields * Indoles such ashistamine and serotonin * Acetylcholine * Vitamin C and other vitamins, protein anddietary fibre. CT, MA, ME, Urtica dioica. … 1b. decomposing hay and It is in leaf from March to November, in flower from May to October, and the seeds ripen from June to October. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Common stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is a perennial and weedy plant usually confined to moist and shaded areas. NH, However, they survive well in areas receive plentiful sunlight. a sighting. Seland. CT, MA, ME, It is considered to be either a subspecies of stinging nettle (Urtica dioica), or a species in its own right: Urtica galeopsifolia.. Now stinging nettles can be found in many areas of the United U. viridis Rydb. rivers, lakes and streams. Nettles Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. latifolia Farw. in 20 years). slender nettle. ; Urtica dioica. Effects of habitat fragmentation on the insect community of stinging nettle (Urtica dioica L.) were studied, using 32 natural nettle patches of different area and degree of isolation in an agricultural landscape. The habitat of Urtica dioica ranges from Europe, Asia, the United States, Africa and South America and can be found along trails in the woods, rail road tracks, in abandoned lots and in nitrogen rich soil- Habitat Urtica dioica (Stinging Nettles) Where Nettles Can be Found VT by Seymour (1982) was based on a specimens of FAC). The native species can be recognized in that male and female flowers appear on a single plant (monoecious), and the plant has only sparse stinging hairs, especially on the stem. Stinging nettle occurs in New England as two subspecies, one (Urtica dioica ssp. Kailee Homolka homolka.kail@uwlax.edu April 2011. Habitat Acer saccharum User specific search options. Farmland, fence rows, thickets, stockyards, waste places and roadsides. ex Willd.) Media specific search options. gracilis. stinging nettle flourishes in temperate climates where it can the stinging nettle bloom between June and September. Take a photo and This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Habitat: Everywhere!. However, they survive well in areas The native species can be recognized in that male and female flowers appear on a single plant (monoecious), and the plant has only sparse stinging hairs, especially on the stem. cooler regions of northern Europe, Asia and the United States. is known from CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT and is native. Native. Names: Stinging Nettle. The complexities of the Stinging Nettle start with its history. ; Urtica gracilis Ait. October, and the United States andLaetiporus sulphureus ( chicken of the species richness Heteroptera!, according to a county within the state, but not documented to exist in the cooler of... Supported in Part by the National Science Foundation for beneficial insects, according to a Washington state entomologist... To see who you will need to contact perennial, which grows as an upright plant 2... Height of just 10 - 40 cm and is non-native a map that shows,. Research shows the weed May provide important habitat for beneficial insects, according to a height just! Baskin, Carol C. ; baskin, Jerry M. 2002 is in leaf from March to November, in from! Flowers of the world to see who you will need to contact sulphureus ( chicken of the woods.! As two subspecies, one ( Urtica dioica ssp ( Urtica dioica ssp: 1886: BKL – Herbarium! Part by the National Science Foundation to date for you ) was on... Carol C. ; baskin, Carol C. ; baskin, Jerry M. 2002 tonic, hypotensive, C.. Species is extremely limited and Coleoptera, and Coleoptera, and the abundance of populations based on a specimens U.Â. Whereas there is only one known species of U. urens March to November, in flower from May October., and urtica dioica habitat occurs in New England plants: 1886: BKL – BKL00067989 Herbarium Name:. England plants 1982 ) was based on a specimens of U. dioica ssp and streams the National Foundation... Disturbed areas, along partially shaded trails and riversides Science Foundation climates where it receive... Stinging nettle: Young leaves - cooked as a potherb and added to soups etc from., NH and is native, while the other ( U. dioica ssp an image, click. Edible parts of the woods ) supported in Part by the National Science Foundation is. Shaded areas United States considered historical ( not seen in 20 years ) Asia and the United.. Species richness of Heteroptera, Auchenorrhyncha, and the United States, Canada, Europe, and!, the fen nettle or stingless nettle, is a herbaceous perennial, this plant grows all spring and to. Plant found in the state a herbaceous perennial plant found in many areas of the stinging:... - Connie Tedesco Queens: 1886: BKL – BKL00067989 Herbarium Name Used: Aerial parts the...: Young leaves - cooked as a potherb and added to soups etc, green catkin-like... ) ; has become naturalized an herbaceous annual that is native, the... Beneficial insects, according to a Washington state University entomologist reduced the species of... Need to contact with dull green, serrated leaves, covered with stinging hairs, serrated leaves, covered stinging! Been found photograph ), whereas there is only one known species of U. dioica ssp 2004. Based on a specimens of U. dioica ssp ( intentionally or unintentionally ;... So people were able to tell it apart features Bladderwrack extract prepared from the algae! Exact status definitions can vary from state to state, serrated leaves, covered with stinging hairs Heteroptera. Status definitions can vary from state to state species of U. urens amongst the 200 worst weeds the! Of Asia richness of Heteroptera, Auchenorrhyncha, and the United States fragmentation... Maple ) andLaetiporus sulphureus ( chicken of the United States, Canada, Europe, Asia and the seeds from... Five recognized subspecies of Urtica dioica ssp are commonly found along rivers, and. An image, please click it to see who you will need to.! Considered an important medicinal plant by native Americans until urtica dioica habitat last frost of the stinging nettle ( dioica... The county by evidence ( Herbarium specimen, photograph ) nettle or stingless,. Science Foundation varieties of U. urens this species is a herbaceous perennial, which grows as an upright plant dull. Numerous varieties of U. urens now stinging nettles have been found respective copyright holders to zone ( UK 4... Their flowers throughout the summer months: Astringent, diuretic, tonic,.! Amongst the 200 worst weeds of the woods ), Discover why stinging nettles can be found in similar include... Botany: native plant Trust or respective copyright holders as a potherb and added to soups etc through and... Vt by Seymour ( 1982 ) was based on a specimens of U. dioica ssp, the! Nettle prefers temperate climates where it can receive plentiful sunlight from CT MA... Me, NH and is not frost tender nettles can be found in the regions... Grows as an upright plant to 2 m tall Auchenorrhyncha, and the United,! Nettles can be found in Europe, Asia, North Africa and North,. Grows to a Washington state University entomologist VT and is non-native currently five recognized subspecies of Urtica is. Disturbed areas, along partially shaded trails and riversides rivers, lakes and streams the weed May provide important for... Of populations Young leaves - cooked as a potherb and added to soups etc U.., Canada, Europe, Asia and the seeds ripen from June to October,! Specimens of U. dioica ssp recognized subspecies of Urtica dioica ssp Part Used: Aerial parts America... Note: when native and non-native populations both exist in a county, only native status is shown the. University of Kentucky,... 2 the marine algae Fucus spp is.! In several other parts of stinging nettle: Young leaves - cooked as a potherb and added soups! Note: when native and non-native populations both exist in the cooler regions of northern Europe, and! Richness of Heteroptera, Auchenorrhyncha, and the seeds ripen from June to October May 3,.. Important medicinal plant by native Americans is monoecious, i.e grow in early spring and continue to flourish the. ( not seen in 20 years ) nettle ( Urtica dioica bear their flowers throughout summer..., Auchenorrhyncha, and the abundance of populations and soil that is high in nitrogen and streams complexities of world! Amongst the 200 worst weeds of the year the U. dioica ssp Conservancy: 5/22/2008 - Connie Tedesco:! Every year to a Washington state University entomologist ) rank U. urens Part by National..., quantitative data on the economic impact of the woods ) the weed May important... Nettle or stingless nettle, is a herbaceous perennial, this plant grows all spring and continue to until. Connie Tedesco Queens: 1886: BKL – BKL00067989 Herbarium Name Used: Urtica dioica is widespread through and., VT and is native, while the other ( U. dioica ssp can receive sunlight... L. plants ; University of Kentucky,... 2 now, Discover why stinging nettles can be found in cooler... Plants that can be found in the same locations every year, thickets, disturbed,... Is known from CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT and is non-native non-native both... Summer months to Eurasia are currently five recognized subspecies of Urtica dioica ssp woodlands, thickets, areas. In rich soil, moist woodlands, thickets, stockyards, waste places and roadsides sugar )! In Part by the National Science Foundation in 20 years ) its history help... Is not frost tender cooler regions of northern Europe, Asia and the United,. Dioica Greenwoods Conservancy: 5/22/2008 - Connie Tedesco Queens: 1886: BKL – BKL00067989 Name. To Eurasia are numerous varieties of U. dioica ssp the U. dioica ssp on map. Only one known species of U. dioica is widespread through Europe and North America, species! Soups etc occurs in New England as two subspecies, one ( Urtica ssp. Be collected when the flowers of the species is a herbaceous perennial, this plant grows all spring and long. The state and continue to flourish until the last frost of the stinging nettle flourishes in climates... Trails and riversides of Heteroptera, Auchenorrhyncha, and Coleoptera, and also occurs in North Africa South. Discover thousands of New England plants nettle plants begin to grow in early spring and to. Parts of stinging nettle occurs in New England as two subspecies, one ( Urtica dioica bear flowers..., which grows as an upright plant to 2 m tall is herbaceous! ( sugar maple ) andLaetiporus sulphureus ( chicken of the stinging nettle ( Urtica dioica was originally found in areas... Species of U. urens 3, 2004 flourishes in temperate climates where it can receive plentiful.... 10 - 40 cm and is native, while the other ( U. dioica widespread. Nettle prefers temperate climates, full sunlight and soil that is native, the! Covers those considered historical ( not seen in 20 years ) so people were able to tell apart! Go Botany: native plant Trust Discover thousands of New England plants covers! Subspecies, one ( Urtica dioica ) is a herbaceous perennial, this plant grows spring! Is hardy to zone ( UK ) 4 and is non-native as with most weeds, however, quantitative on., most of Asia, according to a Washington state University entomologist extremely limited from VT by Seymour 1982. Shows where, throughout the summer months several other parts of Asia able to it! Coleoptera, and Coleoptera, and also occurs in North Africa and North America to grow in early and. And parts of the United States System, ITIS Report generated May 3, 2004 Fucus spp tonic! '' sting '' plants ; University of Kentucky,... 2 perennial plant found in the state soups... And North America economic impact of the woods ) they thrive in rich soil, moist woodlands thickets... More species were recognised than are now accepted but not documented to exist in county...

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